Urine is a yellowish color fluid stored in the bladder and passes through the urethra. Urine does not usually smell, but in some cases, smelly urine happens and it can be an indication of how your health is. There are different causes of smelly urine and these causes can be both minor ones and serious ones.
Causes of Smelly Urine
- Dehydration: Lack of water intake makes the urine concentrated leading to a urine that smell stronger than the usual. The ammonia-like smell of urine is an indication that the body is not having enough water.
- Beverages: Drinking water regularly regulates urine smell. However, there are beverages that when consumed in high amounts make the smell of the urine foul. Too much coffee, for instance, make the urine smell. Also, coffee is a diuretic drink that makes one urinate often that leads to dehydration, and dehydration makes the urine smell.
- Food: There are foods that make the urine smell bad. Asparagus, for instance, makes the urine smell like sulphur. Spicy and acidic foods are also causes of smelly urine.
- Medications: Some multivitamins not just make the color of the urine dark, it also turns its smell into a foul one. There are also antibiotics that make the smell of the urine bad.
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): This is a bacterial infection that has the bladder and the urethra as its common sites. Females usually are the ones who get infected with UTI and the ones who complain more of smelly urine due to its bacterial infection.
- Vaginitis: Bacterial infection and yeast infection are the primary causes of vaginitis. This condition is associated with vaginal swelling and foul-smelling urine.
- Prostatitis: This condition is due to the inflammation of prostate glands of men with causes that can be both bacterial and non-bacterial. This condition leads to stinky-smelling urine.
- Kidney Stones: Smelly urine is also evident to people who have stones in the kidneys.
- Liver Problems: When the liver fails to function, it usually gives a hint through the smell of the urine. One cause could be the escape of bilirubin through the urine that makes the urine stink. Bilirubin is a yellow-green pigment produced by the liver.
- Diabetes: diabetics have high blood sugar level and the excess of sugar in blood is passed through the urine, creating an abnormal smell.
Take note that some of the causes of a smelly urine are not that serious (dehydration, diet, and beverages), and to treat a smelly urine, one must prevent the culprits and do necessary actions to remedy it. However, some causes can also be due to underlying health conditions (diabetes, liver malfunction, and inflamed prostate) and one needs to see the doctor to have some urine tests to properly address the condition.